Nucleic acids

Comparison of different nucleic acids

 Biology  biochemistry  gcse

Full nameDeoxyribonucleicacidRibonucleicacid
FunctionStorage and transmission of genetic informationTransfer of genetic information to make proteins
Form and structureDouble stranded helix, B form. Readily damaged by ultraviolet light.Single stranded, A form. More resistant to damage by ultraviolet light.
Basesadenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine (binding A-T and G-C)adenine, guanine, cytosine, and uracil (binding A-U and G-C)
TypesNuclear DNA (nDNA), mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), multicopy single-stranded DNA (msDNA)Messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
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Nucleic acids are large molecules present in all living hings that enable the storage, transmission and expression of genetic information.


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